100Places:M

Das Schaubild des TP4 (100Places:M). Das Bild zeigt einen öffentlichen Platz in München; viele Menschen sitzen auf eienr Wiese umringt von Bäumen und Gebäuden. Neben dem Bild ist ein Orthofoto eines öffentlichen Platzes und ein Thermalbild eines Stadtbereichs abgebildet.

The consequences of global warming and the temperature differences between urban and rural land­scapes are diverse and complex. They range from extreme weather condi­tions and a chang­ing species compo­sition with­in the city´s eco­system. In addition, a profound dis­course about sustaina­bility, aesthetics, health and se­curity regarding optimal co­habitation (of species) amplifies the complexity. This discourse is increasingly shaping the research and planning of resilient and eco­logically sustain­able cities.

That's why in the inter­disciplinary research project 100Places:M, design strategies for public space in sym­biosis with the impacts of climate change and the heat island effect on the one hand, and the use and appro­priation by different human and non-­human actors on the other hand are investi­gated and further deve­loped. The focus lies one one side on an analysis of 100 city squares in Munich and on the other, of an analysis of scientific cate­gories and references, new climate-­relevant practices in and for public space, the test­ing of experi­mental design strategies in teaching and, in this context, the develop­ment of adapted specialist terminology.

This takes place across the following specific questions:

What must or can public spaces do to counteract and prevent phenomena of climate change and the heat island effect? Here, not only the adap­tation of cities to conse­quences such as heat waves, drought, heavy rain or the some­times conflictual new composition with alien species plays an impor­tant role, but also the potential of public places for the protection of climate and biodiversity

How can (urban) climate, space design as well as use and appropriation by human and non-­human actors cooperate produc­tively? Here we focus on the complex inte­gration of urban trees in the chang­ing urban ecology and in the related dis­courses. In addition, we examine emergent practices such as urban farming or urban bee­keeping in individual case studies in order to work out their relation­ships with and their potential for public space.

What recommendations and resources can be made based on the analysis, case studies, and design experi­ments for the future planning of public spaces? This is about the conceptual tool and the design-­practical strategies to be adapted to the new problems.

In addition to these planning recommendations, an online platform will be designed to provide access to the results and to generate a broad public for urban design, climate protec­tion and adaptation, and sustainable cross-­species co­existence.

Equally involved are the chairs of Land­scape Archi­tecture and Public Space of Prof. Regine Keller and Parti­cipatory Tech­nology Design of Prof. Ignacio Farias.