The living conditions in urban areas are changed by climate change. The accumulation of extreme weather events such as longer heat and drought periods or heavy rain events change the city planning framework conditions on the background of a worldwide increasing urbanisation. Urban green becomes increasingly important in view of adaption and mitigation measures. The selection of suitable city green must therefore be adapted to changing environmental conditions.
Soil sealing in urban areas is basically negative for biodiversity and the related ecosystem services. The ZSK subproject "Colorful Ribbons" therefore deals with the development of ecological revalued roadside verges as element of green infrastructure. The central challenge in science and pratice is to combine the aims of insect support and climate adaptation with multifunctional urban green areas. With increasing urbanisation (proportion of sealed areas, building density, traffic density etc.) the diversity and abundance of plants and pollinator species decreases, what is enhanced in urban areas by e.g. fragmentation of urban micro habitats. The genetic exchange os isolated animal and plant populations is therefore in urban areas only possible to a limited extent.
Specific measures for the promotion of pollinators an their ecosystem services are therefore necessary. Especially in densely populated areas, pollinators can find many suitable habitats, but they can be ecologically revalued and interconnected by a promotion of food supply. Therefore the project aims for the increase of the plant diversity of the roadside greenery along big road axes (city center - suburbs) in Munich by sowing of native wild plants.
Urban green can also provide a climatic regulation functions besides biodiversity effects. In addition to improving the living conditions of pollinators, the design of flowering strips should also be investigated with regard to microclimatic site characteristics in comparison to conventional planting.
The following scientific and practical goals are aimed for in the "Colorful Ribbons for our Cities" subproject:
- development and testing of a flowering area network along several main urban traffic axes to promote pollinators and urban climate adaptation
- evaluation of climate resilience and attractiveness of different species mixtures for pollinators and other beneficial insects in comparison with existing flowering areas and green spaces
- climatic optimisation of the size and distances of the flowering areas as corridors for pollinators and other beneficial organisms along an urban-rural gradient on the basis of their movement behaviour
- improving the quality of life of urban dwellers through the microclimatic and aesthetic effects of flowering areas
- recommendations for practicable compromises between the requirements of nature conservation and urban green management in order to increase urban climate resilience and the biodiversity of pollinators