Wuerzburg Climate Experience 2016 (KEW)

Das Titelbild des TP6 ("Klimaerlebnis Würzburg") zeigt ein Orthofoto der Stadt Würzburg mit der Lage der Untersuchungsstandorte im Stadtgebiet. Bäume gebenden Standort von Baummessstationen an und ein Thermometer den Standort von Wetterstationen. Auch das Gelände der Landesgartenschau ist markiert.

Cities are characterized by a specific climate compared to their rural surroundings. Particularly on hot days, the temperature in a city can rise tremen­dously compared to its vicinity. This effect, called the ‘urban heat is­land’ (UHI) effect, depends on the location within the city, on the building structure and on the degree of sealing vs. green­ing. Especially cities like Wuerz­burg which are set in a heat basin with densely built-­up areas and less urban greenery are heavily affected.

The research is set in the city of Wuerzburg, located in Lower Franconia, a region which will suffer severely from climate change, with more heat waves and drought periods. In the future, the number of heat days and tropical nights with temper­atures > 20°C will increase sharply in the city center, drastically de­creasing the quality of life.

Urban green, especially trees, can positively influence the micro-­climate of an area. Their crowns can provide shade, and their leaves transpire water and thus lower air tem­perature. Additionally, the root base of trees can store rain­water.

Based on several sites within the city of Wuerz­burg, this project aims at examining the way the climate of urban sites differs depending upon the degree of tree cover and urban structure, as well as the degree to which urban trees and the micro­climate influence one another. In this way, the relevance of trees for urban planning can be demonstrated.

Within the scope of the state horticultural exhibition in 2018, seven climate/­tree research stations will be established in the city of Wuerz­burg. Over a period of three years, measure­ments on the site climate, tree growth and the environ­mental perfor­mance of the trees are to be measured, processed and graphically presented. The aim is to sensitise the public to the topic of urban climate and urban greenery and to enable them to experience applied research live.

In detail the following topics will be addressed:

Local impacts of climate change

How will the climate of the greater area of Würzburg change?
How do current extreme weather events differ from past centuries?
Which urban site types are most affected by climate changes?

Site climate and urban green

Which climate characteristics are obvious in the urban area of Würzburg at a small scale?
Which influence do different urban site types have on the climate there?
Which influence do urban trees have on the site climate?

Ecosystem services of urban trees

Which influence does the specific site climate have on the growth and transpiration of urban trees?
Do species-specific differences occur?
Which site-climatic variable influences the growth and transpiration of urban trees the most?
Which consequences arise under future climate conditions?
How much can urban trees contribute to climate protection (CO2-storage, cooling of buildings) and climate adaption (thermal convenience outdoor, rainwater management)?

Relevance for urban planning

For which urban site type can trees contribute the most to climate adaption?
What influence does the site climate and the micro-climate of urban trees have on the living quality in urban areas?
Which of the studied urban tree species is most suitable for small scale climate regulation in cities?

Sensitization of the public

How can the performance of urban trees and the small scale characteristics of the urban climate be communicated to the broad public?
How can the importance of urban trees for the urban climate be given as much importance as possible in the public discussion on future urban development?
How can chances and risks of climate change implications be communicated to the broad public?

 

More information at:

Klimaerlebnis Würzburg

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